1. Anthony Jacob HENCKEL Rev, son of Georg HINCKEL and Anna Eulalia DENTZER, was born on 27 Oct 1668 in Mehrenberg, H, Germany and died on 12 Aug 1728 in New Hanover, Philadelphia Cty, Pennsylvania at age 59.
Research Notes: Germantown, Pennsylvania: by Betty RandallGERMANTOWN, PENNSYLVANIA
by Betty Randall
The settlers to Germantown came from the Lower Rhine where German and Dutch
cultural ways mingled. These thirty-three settlers from Krefeld, Germany who
established the first sizable, stable and distinctly German settlement in
America at Germantown, PA in 1683, were followed by more than seven million
immigrants to our shores from German-speaking countries. The city of Krefeld
west of the Rhine near Düsseldorf, known for the manufacture of silk and linen,
prided itself on being a haven of tolerance during the 17th century, and a
refuge for those suffering religious oppression. When changes in the rule of the
region caused the spirit of religious acceptance to diminish, some among the
Mennonite and Quaker families decided to accept the invitation of William Penn
to settle in America.
The English Schooner which brought these German settlers to the port of
Philadelphia was named the Concord, an appropriate symbol of the immigrants'
friendly cooperation with the English and Dutch aboard. All the passengers,
attached to religious groups outside the established churches, answered the call
of William Penn to share the "Holy Experiment" and settle on the land granted to
William Penn. At age 36 Penn had petitioned King Charles II and received a vast
province on the west bank of the Delaware River, which was named Pennsylvania
after his father (to whom Charles II had owed a large debt canceled by this
When the thirteen Mennonite families from Krefeld landed in Philadelphia on
October 6, 1683 after a 75-day voyage, they were greeted not only by Penn but
also be a young, 32-year old German lawyer, Francis Daniel Pastorius, who had
become close friend with Penn since his arrival on August 20, 1683 on the ship
America with about a dozen people, among them his personal servants.
When Pastorius, a well traveled scholar, had heard about Penn's visits to the
Rhineland in 1671 and 1677 to recruit a group of religious and affluent
Pietists, he decided to associate himself with the group. But plans with the
Frankfurt Land Company did not materialize. Instead, Pastorius became the leader
of thirteen more modest families, who wished to escape religious intolerance,
and settle where they could lead a quiet and god-fearing life, free from
religious controversy and with the promise of liberty. That place was to be
Pastorius arranged with Penn for the Krefelders to settle on a parcel of land
six miles north of newly founded Philadelphia. Cellars were dug into the ground
and covered and these were their shelters for the first winter. Even though that
winter brought many hardships, the new settlers endured. The nickname for the
new town, "Armentown" (town of the poor)was soon made obsolete by their hard
work and skills in the trades of weaving, tailoring, carpentry, and shoemaking.
They built homes first of logs and later of native stone; they raised flax,
built looms and set up their spinning wheels. Many were accustomed to growing
vines and when they saw wild grapes, they establishing vineyards. The official
seal of Germantown bears at its center a trifolium having a grape vine on one
leaf, flax blossoms on another and a weaver's spool on a third with the
inscription "Vinum, Linum et Textrinum," to show that the people lived from
grapes, flax, and trade. The Germantown Fair, first held in 1701 became a center
of exhibiting and selling the products of these craftsmen.
Penn had advised the new settlers not to reside on scattered farms, but to
follow the European pattern of living together in a town. By the end of the
1600s Germantown had a wide Main Street bordered by peach trees, a central
market and on opposite ends of town were burial grounds. Along the several
streams were a number of mills. More than fifty families built spacious farm
buildings and tended their three acre town plots growing vegetables and flowers.
The fields of the town lay to the north and south. These Germans had a love and
respect for the land unequaled by other immigrants and so they gained the
reputation for caring for the land exceedingly well.
In a few years the population of Germantown had increased so that additions were
made: Kriegsheim with 884 acres (named for the home of the Palatine Quakers),
Sommerhausen with 900 acres (in honor of Pastorius' birthplace), and Crefeld
with 1166 acres were added to the 2750 acres of Germantown. All were on the same
road; Germantown was the nearest to Philadelphia and Crefeld was beyond Chestnut
Hill in present Montgomery County.
On August 12, 1689 Germantown was incorporated and its first burgomaster,
Pastorius, made many lasting contributions to the community. Among them he is
credited with the establishment of a school system in which he became a teacher.
Since Mennonites considered education important, school houses were often built
first with worship held there until meetinghouses could be built. Another of
Pastorius's contributions was the writing of the first resolution in America
against Negro slavery*. As Germantown prospered, its administration, founded on
self government and civic responsibility, became a model for later German
settlements in America.
In 1883 America remembered the Germantown settlement and on Thanksgiving,
November 29, 1884 William Penn's statue was completed in Philadelphia. Today one
can visit the rebuilt home of Penn called Pennsbury Manor which is about 26
miles from Philadelphia.
In 1983 ceremonies were held throughout the U.S. to commemorate the first
organized settlement and books were published to tell the story of
German-American involvement in the founding and development of America. The U.S.
and Germany issued postage stamps of the ship Concord to salute the courage,
stamina, and motivation of those immigrants and all who followed in their
On this 300th anniversary of the arrival of the German pioneers the home of the
father of Franz Daniel Pastorius in Germany was acquired by the Pastorius Home
Association. The historic building was restored to its original charm by a
combined, voluntary effort of German and American citizens. It contains a
lecture hall, library, and facilities for guests. The home is open all year
round for travelers, and educational programs are scheduled throughout the year.
Since 1983 several landmarks in Germantown have been restored, among them the
site of Rittenhouse Mill, America's first paper mill, established by Wilhelm
Rittenhouse in 1690. A U.S. postcard was also issued showing the Rittenhouse
In 1988, under the leadership of the Greater Germantown Housing Development
Corporation, the Germantown community initiated a comprehensive economic
development program for the area which was suffering urban decay. Plans called
for the renovation of the 49 houses along Germantown Avenue and the creation of
new job-producing enterprises in the neighborhood. In the center was to be a
town square and historic park dedicated to the 1688 slavery protest and to the
thirteen pioneer families. It was also fitting that thirteen "family trees" were
On a marker, previously placed for the families in Germantown, is written:
In commemoration of the Landing of the German Colonists, October 6, 1683,
FRANZ DANIEL PASTORIUS, Dirk, Herman, Abraham Op Den Graeff*, Tuenes Kunders,
Lenert Arens, Reinert Tisen, Wilhelm Strepers, Jan Lensen, Peter Keurlis, Jan
Siemens, Johann Bleikers, Abraham Tuenes and Jan Lueken with their families.
Information taken from articles in: Krefeld Immigrants and Their Descendants,
Links Genealogy Publications, Sacramento, CA, Iris Cater Jones Editor
firstname.lastname@example.org (ISSN 0883-7961)
This was written for the Indiana German Heritage Society Newsletter by Betty
Randall, a descendant of Abraham op den Graeff, one of the original Krefelders,
who was also one of the signers of the "Protest Against Slavery." Ms. Randall is
a long-time member of IGHS and also a member of the DAR. She has a masters
degree in history from Indiana University.
Return to German-American Teaching Resources Page
Created: 18 June 1999, ARK
Updated: 23 January 2001, KAH
Comments: Dolores J. Hoyt, email@example.com
This home page sponsored and maintained by IUPUI University Libraries.
IUPUI University Library
IUPUI Home Page
Anthony married Maria Elizabeth DENTZER, daughter of Johann Nicholaus DENTZER and Barbara Catherine GEIBEL, on 25 Apr 1692 in Kirchain, Germany. Maria was born in May 1672 in Birkenau, Germany, was christened on 26 May 1672, and died on 27 Jan 1744 in Germantown, Philadelphia Cty, Pennsylvania at age 71.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 2 M i. Johann Nicolaus HENCKEL was born on 19 Feb 1693 in Eschelbronn, Germany and died on 14 May 1693.
+ 3 M ii. Jacob Anthony HINCKEL II was born on 7 Jul 1709 in Daudenzell, Germany, was christened on 11 Jul 1709 in Daudenzell, Germany, died on 21 Jan 1751 in Germantown, Philadelphia Cty, Pennsylvania at age 41, and was buried in St Michaels, Lutheran.
+ 4 F iii. Johanna Frederica HENCKEL was born on 29 Mar 1694 in Eschelbronn, Germany and died in 1739 in New Hanover, Montgomery Cty, Pennsylvania at age 45.
+ 5 M iv. Johann Melchoir HENCKEL was born on 30 Jan 1696 in Daudenzell, Germany and died on 27 Sep 1706 in Daudenzell, Germany at age 10.
+ 6 M v. Johann Gerhard Anthony HENCKEL was born on 12 Jan 1698 in Daudenzell, Germany and died in 1736 at age 38.
+ 7 F vi. Maria Elizabetha HENCKEL was born on 31 Dec 1699 in Daudenzell, Germany and died after 1746.
+ 8 M vii. Gerog Rudolph (George Rudolphus) HENCKEL was born on 19 Oct 1701 in Daudenzell, Germany and died in Aug 1788 at age 86.
+ 9 F viii. Anna Maria Christina HENCKEL was born on 13 Feb 1704 in Daudenzell, Germany and died on 25 Sep 1708 in Daudenzell, Germany at age 4.
+ 10 M ix. Johann Justus HENCKEL Sr was born on 10 Feb 1706 in Daudenzell, Germany, was christened on 17 Feb 1706 in Daudenzell, Germany, and died in Aug 1778 at age 72.
+ 11 F x. Benigna Maria HENCKEL was born on 30 Sep 1707 in Daudenzell, Germany and died on 22 Dec 1708 in Daudenzell, Germany at age 1.
+ 12 F xi. Maria Catherine HENCKEL was born on 10 May 1711 in Daudenzell, Germany and died in Oct 1785 at age 74.
+ 13 M xii. Johann Philipp HENCKEL was born on 26 Apr 1713 in Daudenzell, Germany.